PEARL HARBOR BOMBING

Historic pictures from a Navy pilot who was supposed to have been there that day. He's still alive and well at 85.  He flew the 'Osprey' type float plane shown in a couple of the Photos. They were launched from the big 'Cruisers'.

original photos of 12/7/41


Pearl Harbor

    On Sunday, December 7th, 1941 the Japanese launched a surprise attack against the U.S. Forces stationed at Pearl Harbor , Hawaii. By planning his attack on a Sunday, the Japanese commander Admiral Nagumo, hoped to catch the entire fleet in port. As luck would have it, the Aircraft Carriers and one of the Battleships were not in port. (The USS Enterprise was returning from Wake Island, where it had just delivered some aircraft. The USS Lexington was ferrying aircraft to Midway, and the USS Saratoga and USS Colorado were undergoing repairs in the United States. In spit e of the latest intelligence reports about the missing aircraft carriers (his most important targets), Admiral Nagumo decided to continue the attack with his force of six carriers and 423 aircraft. At a range of 230 miles north of Oahu, he launched the first wave of a two-wave attack. Beginning at 0600 hours his first wave consisted of 183 fighters and torpedo bombers which struck at the fleet in Pearl Harbor and the airfields in Hickam, Kaneohe and Ewa. The second strike, launched at 0715 hours, consisted of 167 aircraft, which again struck at the same targets. At 0753 hours the first wave consisting of 40 Nakajima B5N2 "Kate" torpedo bombers, 51 Aichi D3A1 "Val" dive bombers, 50 high altitude bombers and 43 Zeros struck airfields and Pearl Harbor . Within the next hour, the second wave arrived and continued the attack.

When it was over, the U.S. losses were:

Casualties

USA: 218 KIA, 364 WIA

USN: 2,008 KIA, 710 WIA

USMC: 109 KIA, 69 WIA

Civilians: 68 KIA, 35 WIA

TOTAL: 2,403 KIA, 1,178 WIA

 

Battleships

USS Arizona (BB-39) - total loss when a bomb hit her magazine

USS Oklahoma (BB-37) - Total loss when she capsized and sunk in the harbor

USS California (BB-44) - Sunk at her berth. Later raised and repaired

USS West Virginia (BB-48) - Sunk at her berth. Later raised and repaired

USS Nevada - (BB-36) Beached to prevent sinking. Later repaired

USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) - Light damage

USS Maryland (BB-46) - Light damage

USS Tennessee (BB-43) Light damage

USS Utah (AG-16) - (former battleship used as a target) - Sunk

 

Cruisers

USS New Orleans (CA-32) - Light Damage

USS San Francisco (CA38) - Light Damage

USS Detroit (CL-8) - Light Damage

USS Raleigh (CL-7) - Heavily damaged but repaired

USS Helena (CL-50) - Light Damage

USS Honolulu (CL-48) - Light Damage

 

Destroyers

USS Downes (DD-375) - Destroyed. Parts salvaged

USS Cassin - (DD-372) Destroyed. Parts salvaged

USS Shaw (DD-373) - Very heavy damage

USS Helm (DD-388) - Light Damage

 

Minelayer

USS Ogala (CM-4) - Sunk but later raised and repaired

 

Seaplane Tender

USS Curtiss (AV-4) - Severely damaged but later repaired

 

Repair Ship

USS Vestal (AR-4) - Severely damaged but later repaired

 

Harbor Tug

USS Sotoyomo (YT-9) - Sunk but later raised and repaired

 

Aircraft

188 Aircraft destroyed (92 USN and 92 U.S. Army Air Corps.)

 

On Monday, December 8, President Roosevelt appeared before Congress and made this speech asking for a declaration of war against Japan, calling the previous day "...a date which will live in infamy..."

 

Listen to the Entire Speech

 


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